Partner, Karakullukçu Consulting
Melih founded Karakullukçu Consulting with Memduh Karakullukçu in October 2007. In April 2008 the company launched a project with Özgür Yilmazel, assistant professor of Computer Science at Anadolu Üniversitesi, to develop internet search tools for legal professionals. In early 2010, the company introduced www.kanunum.com as a Turkish online legal search service. Melih is responsible for Kanunum's daily operation, and continues to work closely with the technical team.
In their capacity as a publisher of legal texts, Karakullukçu Consulting has been publicly proposing for some time that authorities electronically publish all high court decisions, in their entirety, at the time judgments are entered. To this end, Melih has led a litigation effort with other lawyers at Kanunum. In 2011, a favorable decision from the Right of Information Act Review Board has agreed that details of final high court judgments are public information which should be made available upon demand. Aspects of this effort are described in a brief article, 'Proper Treatment of Gaps in Legal Data and Commercial Electronic Legal Search Services,' an anecdotal discussion penned with fellow Kanunum domain experts Tuğba Karaer and Yeşim Eribol (in "From Information to Knowledge, Online Access to Legal Information: Methodologies, Trends and Perspectives", eds. M.A. Biasiotti and S. Faro, Frontiers in Artificial Intelligence and Applications Vol. 236, IOS Press, 2011, pp 83-89.)
Melih returned to Turkey in 2007 after completing a two year term with the United States Court of Appeals for the Eighth Circuit where he served the judges of the Court, working on appeals involving primarily constitutional, civil rights and criminal matters. Before his work at the Court of Appeals, Melih was briefly with the Legal Aid Society of New York as a Manhattan Borough criminal defense attorney, and worked as a New York correspondent for Milliyet and Hürriyet, and the US correspondent for the Turkish business daily, Referans.
Melih graduated with a B.A. in History and a B.Sc. in Mathematics from Brown University, and holds an M.Sc., with merit, in Political Theory and an M.Sc. in Economics from the London School of Economics. He earned his J.D. from Columbia University in 2002. Melih is a lawyer admitted as an attorney in New York (2003) and a solicitor (non-practising) in England and Wales (2012).
Partner, Karakullukçu Consulting
Memduh Karakullukçu is the Vice-Chairman and President of Global Relations Forum, the Managing Partner at Kroton Consulting, and the Founding Partner of the online legal informatics initiative, kanunum.com. His advisory work specializes in higher education and technology policy, and analysis of international economic and political affairs.
He has served as the senior advisor to the Chairwoman of Turkish Industrialists and Businesssmen’s Association (TÜSİAD) during 2007-2010. Previously, Mr Karakullukçu was the Founding Managing Director of Istanbul’s leading science park, Istanbul Technical University (İTÜ) ARI Teknokent, currently an innovation community of 80 technology companies. During this period, Mr Karakullukçu also served as the senior advisor to the President of Istanbul Technical University (İTÜ), the Coordinator of the Law Technology and Policy MSc programme and the strategic advisor at the ITU Remote Sensing Facility.
He has been a member of the academic staff at the LSE and ITU. Earlier in his career, he has worked as a specialist in structured finance at the London and Istanbul offices of an international investment bank (1992-1994).
His previous academic work includes research commissioned by the IMF and the World Bank on the dynamics of Turkish debt markets. He has presented his work on technology and innovation policy at various international fora like the OECD, NATO ARW, SEFI and AURP.
Mr Karakullukçu received his B.S. in Electrical Engineering and B.S. in Economics at MIT, M.Sc. in Finance at the LSE and his J.D. at Columbia University. He is a member of the New York State Bar.
KANUNUM, our legal research service, is an online, current and searchable electronic compilation of statutes, regulatory texts, high court decisions and legislative material. It offers a sophisticated search facility over an updated, relational database of annotated Turkish legal texts. Kanunum provides exhaustive and complex searches with narrowly defined requirements, on millions of pages of Turkish legal texts, including a century’s worth of parliamentary minutes. These ‘complex’ queries let users verify if and how certain phrases or words have been used in particular contexts.
Emphasis on R&D: Between 2009-2012, we have been the recipient of R&D grants from TÜBİTAK (Scientific and Technological Research Council of Turkey). We are an electronic legal publisher emphasizing R&D which we believe is essential in an environment where floodgates on legal electronic data are opening. As a result of our work in this area, we have substantially reduced human involvement in the expansion and daily maintenance of legal data and have improved Kanunum's search performance, successfully addressing the disambiguation problems in text search presented by the agglutinative Turkish language.